From “Blue Homeland” to Reuniting the Ottoman Empire?
Opinion

From “Blue Homeland” to Reuniting the Ottoman Empire?

“Mavi vatan,” or “blue homeland,” has become a common phrase in Turkish political life. It is most often used as a shorthand expression for Ankara’s maritime claims in the eastern Mediterranean. Central to these interests is the presence of large deposits of natural gas off the coast of the island of Cyprus.” R. Gingeras See…

Azerbaijan Won the War in Nagorno-Karabakh but Reduced Its Sovereignty
Opinion

Azerbaijan Won the War in Nagorno-Karabakh but Reduced Its Sovereignty

Although Azerbaijan won the war against Armenia, both countries have in fact lost part of their sovereignty. Azerbaijan won the war and expanded territorially after it captured or received the districts surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh proper that Armenian forces captured in the first war (1988-1994). The status of Nagorno-Karabakh proper remains undetermined but is protected by Russian…

How Russia Is Building Its Leverage in the Caucasus
Opinion

How Russia Is Building Its Leverage in the Caucasus

A meeting of the leaderships of Russia, Armenia and Azerbaijan in the Kremlin on January 11, exactly two months after the ceasefire in the 44-day Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, can be seen as a robust push by Moscow to consolidate its diplomatic achievement. The ceasefire has gained traction and this is the opportune moment for Russia to…

Turkish Shadow Boxing Reflects Growing Rivalry with Iran
Opinion

Turkish Shadow Boxing Reflects Growing Rivalry with Iran

Turkey is leveraging its successful backing of Azerbaijan’s recent war against Armenia to counter Iran in the Caucasus and gradually challenge Russia in Central Asia, the heart of what Moscow considers its backyard. The Turkish moves have elicited different responses from Russia and Iran, two countries Turkey views as both partners and rivals. Turkish President…

The Caspian Sea as Battleground
Opinion

The Caspian Sea as Battleground

Populated at the time by fluent Hebrew speakers, the Israel desk of Armenia’s for­eign ministry waited back in 1991— in the immediate wake of the collapse of the Soviet Union—for a phone call that never came. The ministry was convinced that Israel, with whom Armenia shared an experience of genocide, were natural allies. The min­istry…

Second Karabakh-War Reshapes Transport Corridors In South Caucasus
Opinion

Second Karabakh-War Reshapes Transport Corridors In South Caucasus

The Second Nagorno-Karabakh War not only led to a shift of the military political balance of power in the South Caucasus, but the agreements reached to put an end to it would potentially greatly reshape transport links, and thus freight and passenger flows in the region. The deployment of Russian peacekeepers to Azerbaijan, the growth…