Russia Is Responsible for Armenia’s Rapprochements with Azerbaijan & Turkey

Russia Is Responsible for Armenia’s Rapprochements with Azerbaijan & Turkey

Looking forward, there are plenty of reasons to be cautiously optimistic even if the talks between those parties fail to achieve anything of tangible significance in the short term. What’s most important is that the peacemaking process has finally begun due to Russia’s positive influence over Armenia. The geopolitics of the strategically located South Caucasus…

The Historical Russian-Greek Partnership Persists Despite New Cold War Tensions

The Historical Russian-Greek Partnership Persists Despite New Cold War Tensions

What can be seen from the larger context and specific substance of the latest Russian-Greek talks is that both countries still retain their historical partnership and are interested in taking it even further, but NATO poses a possible problem since its actions in Alexandroupolis endanger Russia’s regional security and the alliance presumably pressures Athens to…

Testing The Waters: Russia Explores Reconfiguring Gulf Security

Testing The Waters: Russia Explores Reconfiguring Gulf Security

Russia hopes to blow new life into a proposal for a multilateral security architecture in the Gulf, with the tacit approval of the Biden administration. If successful, the initiative would help stabilise the region, cement regional efforts to reduce tensions, and potentially prevent war-wracked Yemen from emerging as an Afghanistan on the southern border of Saudi Arabia…

Erdogan’s Expansion into Africa intensifies

Erdogan’s Expansion into Africa intensifies

After the Justice and Development Party (AKP) came to power in Turkey in 2002,  became one of the main priorities of Erdogan’s foreign policy. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan does not spend a year without touring Africa: since coming to power in 2002, he has visited 31 African countries, some more than once, notably Algeria, Senegal,…

Turkey’s Expansion into Central Asia Intensifies

Turkey’s Expansion into Central Asia Intensifies

Under the leadership of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, claiming the role of a new regional superpower, Turkey has been increasingly active in recent decades pursuing an independent foreign policy with an attempt to position itself as the key state of the so-called “Afrasia,” that is, as a link between Africa, Asia, and Europe. Recently the Turkish…